Discovering the stem cell is cited to be one of the most compelling discoveries believed to have helped advance the field of medical technology. It prompted a host of treatment possibilities for more than 70 major diseases and conditions that affect millions of people across the globe.
Those major conditions include, cancer, diabetes, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, blindness, Alzheimer’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS), Parkinson’s disease and HIV/AIDS. Stem cells are specialized cells that are responsible for replacing our body’s injured tissues and cells, mostly of our hair, skin, blood and gut lining. These cells have the capability to regenerate and imitate themselves. Stem cells can also differentiate and grow into any other type of cell.
Each of us is a host of these therapeutic cells, so we should at least know a bit more about them. Here are the five facts you probably didn’t know about human stem cells.
Stem cells have four main sources
Back in the year 1969, Dr. Edward Donnall Thomas successfully performed the first bone marrow transplant in relatives - donor and recipient. After few years, in the year 1978, stem cells were discovered in human umbilical cords and embryos. And before the 21st century came, scientists had collected stem cells coming from human teeth.
This only shows that the four sources of stem cells have been well researched. This is why stem cells are now categorized according to their source.
- Umbilical cord blood stem cells: harvested shortly after birth, umbilical cords carry haematopoietic stem cells, which are also found in the bone marrow. These can mainly be used to produce red blood cells and cells that function in the immune system. Umbilical cord blood stem cells are mostly used in treating different kinds of blood disorders and immune system conditions like anemia, leukemia and autoimmune diseases.
- Embryonic stem cells: these are pluripotent, meaning that they can differentiate and grow into more than 300 cell types. These cells are extracted during the first stage of embryos and are often developed in the lab. Diseases that can potentially be treated by this type of stem cells include, immune system related diseases, cancer and diabetes.
- Bone marrow stem cells: haematopoietic stem cells, they are typically collected from femoral bone marrow or from the blood. These can treat conditions such as cancer, lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
- Dental stem cells: extracted from the teeth and supporting dental structures collected from cases when a child lose their baby teeth naturally or by an extraction done by a dentist. Mesenchymal is an adult stem cell that is found in the soft living tissue inside a tooth. These cells are used for tooth restoration, regeneration and repair. It has also been a proven treatment for injuries and some ailments.
2. There are hundreds of clinics that offer stem cell treatments
Stem cell therapy is now being offered by hundreds of clinics in the US. A report published in the Cell Stem Cell Journal shows that there are approximately about 500 stem cell clinics operating in America. The clinics are usually being run by a pain management doctor or a team of healthcare professionals. But some clinics exploit patients by offering them an unachievable miracle cure from their diseases. It is advisable to consult a certified specialist in your area to obtain a successful treatment plan. Pain management Pompano Beach offers stem cell treatment for a wide range of disorders and diseases that can cause chronic to severe pain.
3. Stem cells from donors may cause some other ailments
The perfect stem cell match comes from using your own body cells. Using a donor’s stem cell is risky and may cause life threatening complications. The most common complication that arise from obtaining a donor stem cell is graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This occurs when the donor’s stem cells react against the body’s host and cause symptoms such as diarrhea, skin rashes, muscle or joint pain, vomiting and liver damage.
4. Stem cell therapy has been used for many years
Doctors in hospitals have used stem cells to treat a wide range of diseases and disorders such as cancer, leukemia and lymphoma. Umbilical cord stem cells have been used since many years ago as an alternative for bone marrow transplants, especially in treating genetic blood disorders in children. Stem cell treatments have also been effective in regenerating immune system cells, particularly in grafting tissues of the skin, bone corneal conditions and injuries.
5. Stem cells can treat many health conditions
Since human stem cells act as our natural repair system and as a supplier of new cells, they can potentially support extensive regenerative treatments for many diseases in the future.
The most common branch of stem cell therapy is the transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells to treat blood diseases and immune system conditions. It is also often used in procedure such as, skin grafting for patients with severe burns and serious injuries.
Studies have shown that more than 100, 000 people gave stem cell treatment a try with no reported adverse effects. You might be suffering from chronic or severe pain or want to quickly recover from an injury - stem cell therapy might be an effective treatment option for your condition. This is best discussed with your pain management doctor who offers stem cell therapy in Pompano Beach .
The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.